Second Grade

St. John the Baptist Catholic School’s curriculum is based on the school’s mission, philosophies, and Minnesota Standards.


Second graders attend weekly school Mass and plan one of these. We also use traditional and spontaneous prayer to build our friendship with God, and we:

  • Have a general understanding of sacraments and their signs
  • Examine Reconciliation as a way of mending our friendship with God
  • Study the Mass and recognize the presence of Jesus in the Eucharist.
  • Consider the life of Jesus as a model for our mission as his followers.

Sadlier We Believe (2011) is the program used to support our Religion curriculum.

Language Arts

Second graders become more proficient readers and writers through:

  • Phonics and Spelling– decoding words using prefixes and suffixes, as well as vowel and consonant combinations. Spelling is phonetically based and is assessed weekly.
  • Fluency – reading with accuracy, punctuation, expression, and rate.
  • Comprehension – examining the meaning of text from a wide assortment of genre by using many strategies, within a variety of structures, for interest, enjoyment, and completing academic tasks.
  • Vocabulary –dictionary and glossary entries, idioms, using context, multiple-meaning words, prefixes and suffixes
  • Grammar – kinds of verbs, subject-verb agreement, contractions, adverbs, possessive nouns and pronouns, prepositions, commas, quotation marks, abbreviations, compound sentences
  • Writing – writing effectively for a variety of purposes: opinion, information, narrative and other creative texts. Exhibiting good word choice, including details and sequence, and using complete sentences, as well as the conventions of written language are all practiced.
  • Independently choosing and reading books appropriate to the student’s level.

Our Language Arts program is supported by Houghton Mifflin Journeys (2011).


Second grade math further solidifies concepts taught in first grade using Saxon Math (2008) through hands-on activities, daily practice with weekly assessments, and home practice of facts and concepts. Second grade skills move beyond those previously taught in:

  • Exploring and comparing numbers at least through one-thousand
  • Counting by 3s, 4s, 25s; as well as naming and creating patterns
  • Adding and subtracting three-digit numbers with and without regrouping
  • Identifying a missing digit in an addition problem
  • Learning multiplication facts
  • Identifying multiples of a number, and writing number sentences to show multiplication and division, as well as to solve problems
  • Using operations and a variety of strategies to solve real-world problems
  • Counting, trading, comparing, and manipulating sets of coins
  • Identifying time to the minute using a.m., p.m., noon and midnight, equivalent units of time, and elapsed time
  • Writing the date using digits, and identifying weekdays and weekends
  • Drawing and creating various graphs to get information, make observations, and answer questions
  • Identifying kinds of lines and triangles, and measuring perimeter and area using metric and non-metric measurements


Second graders learn more about the world around them by exploring investigations of:

  • Air and Weather
  • Balance and Motion
  • Plants and Animals

They discover what fossils can tell us about the Earth long ago. Second graders also examine the life cycles and adaptations of bats and penguins. We use the FOSS Science System (2012).

Social Studies

Second graders become more aware of our community and our world (Houghton Mifflin, 2008) by:

  • Examining rules and laws, and what it means to be a citizen
  • Exploring immigration and its influences on our country
  • Comparing ways states are alike as well as how they differ in regards to climate, heritage, natural resources, government, and laws
  • Identifying map representations as well as physical features of Earth
  • Comparing housing around the world, especially why people use the materials they use to build their homes

Throughout the year, second graders also examine various current event issues through Time for Kids magazine. We also participate in the Flat Stanley project, as he "travels" around the world.


Major Focus:

  • Typing skills
  • Microsoft Word, Powerpoint and Publisher
  • Integrate classroom research projects with Microsoft Office skills.